Etiology of substance abuse
According to the National Institute for Drug Abuse (NIDA), a true statement with regard to the etiology of substance abuse is that “individuals who adopt an antisocial lifestyle are at increased risk for abusing and/or becoming dependent on drugs or alcohol.” As part of this process, individuals must experience significant positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and/or punishment to adhere to their lifestyle choice. etiology of substance abuse
The use of drugs and alcohol has behavioral, biological, and environmental causes. This can lead to substance dependence. To learn more about the etiology of substance abuse, read “The Impact of Substance Abuse on Adolescents and Their Communities”.
Each year, substance abuse causes approximately 9% of all deaths worldwide. In the United States alone, substance abuse accounts for 25% of all hospital emergency admissions. Substance abuse has proven to be so detrimental to society that it is considered by many to be a true health epidemic.
The exact cause of substance abuse is not known. However, at least 30 percent of people who have alcoholism can attribute the problem to genetics.
Etiology refers to the causes of a disorder. Substance abuse can develop as a result of a number of risk factors including genetic predisposition, child abuse, psychological disorders, poverty, and stress in the home or workplace. The client’s use of alcohol and drugs is likely related to their childhood. etiology of substance abuse
Substance abuse is a complicated condition, with a multitude of risk factors contributing to its development. Some of these factors include the presence of a mental health disorder and exposure to stress early in life.
Substance abuse occurs because of problems in the person’s social environment, biology and psychology. Individuals who have lighter skin are more likely to use drugs. People in the neighborhood sell drugs because they are drug fiends. Younger people are more likely to become drug addicts than older people.
Substance abuse is multifactoral, meaning that several factors combine to determine why an individual abuses drugs and others do not. This concept is reflected in the four-factor model of substance abuse, which was developed in the early 1990s by epidemiologist Marvin Zalcman. According to this model, factors influencing whether or not an individual develops a substance abuse disorder include biological, psychological , and environmental factors. etiology of substance abuse
Substance abuse is the repeated use of a drug to the extent that it harms a person’s health or interferes with his/her normal psychological, social or work functions. The substances most often abused include alcohol, prescription drugs such as Benzodiazepines and barbiturates and illicit drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, ketamine and phencyclidine. etiology of substance abuse
Which of the following is a true statement with regard to the etiology of substance abuse?